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City of Alexandria, VA City of Alexandria, VA
Code Administration
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SECTION 1 - INSPECTION AND TEST REQUIREMENTS


1.1 SCHEDULING INSPECTIONS AND TESTS 

  1. Fire Protection System Inspections and Tests must be scheduled by telephone.
1.2 TELEPHONE SCHEDULING
  1. To schedule an inspection or test by telephone, call 703-746-4255 and have the following information available so the Fire Protection Permit Technician can efficiently process your request:
a) Fire Protection System Permit Number
b) Project Name, address, suite number, etc.
c) A description of the type of system and the type of inspection or test
d) Date you would like to schedule the inspection or test. (Note: The date is not guaranteed but all effort will be made to meet the requested date)
e) Contactor name and phone number
  1. If the Fire Protection Systems Permit Technician is not available to answer your call, leave a message and you will be contacted within 24 business hours to process your request.
1.3 DETERMINING TIME OF INSPECTION
  1. Inspections and test times are determined the morning of the scheduled inspection by the inspector assigned to perform the inspection or test. Contact the Fire Protection Systems Unit at 703-706-3966 between 6:30 AM and 7:30 AM to speak with the inspector assigned to perform the inspection or test. The inspector will provide an approximate time for the inspection or test. Note: The FPS Unit phone number is not for scheduling purposes.

SECTION 2 - INSPECTION AND TESTING PROCEDURES


2.1 CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTION AND TESTS

  1. Contractor shall arrange to have the appropriate number of personnel on site to conduct the system inspection and test and have the appropriate tools and equipment to perform the inspection and test. In addition, the contractor shall coordinate with other trades as needed to conduct the inspection and test.
  2. Prior to scheduled inspector or test, the contractor shall pre-test work and provide the appropriate inspection or test certificate.
  3. All approved plans, operation manuals, cut sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  4. Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems. Conspicuously posted notices shall be placed at all main entrances and on all floors.
  5. The contractor shall have the system in normal ready mode when the Fire Protection Specialist arrives and shall not place the system into test mode prior to the start of the inspection or test. Once approved by Specialist, contractor shall contact the monitoring company to place the system on test.
  6. All inspections and tests shall conform to the requirements outlined in the applicable standard.
  7. The following table outlines the possible inspections and tests for each type of system. However, the plans examiner will stamp the drawings with all required inspections and tests.

    Fire Alarm
    or
    Monitoring
    Fire
    Sprinkler
    Underground /
    FDC /
    Fire Hydrant
    Standpipe Fire Pump Wet / Dry Chemical Clean Agent Stair
    Pressurization / Smoke Control / Access Control
    Rough-In / Visual X X X X X X X X
    Hydrostatic   X X X X      
    Trip Test   X   X        
    24 Hour Air Test   X   X        
    Pipe Insulation   X            
    Flush     X          
    Roof Test       X        
    Performance X              
    Main Drain   X     X X X X
    Final X X X X X X X X
2.2 FIRE DEPARTMENT ACCESS SYSTEM
  1. The Fire Prevention Code of the City of Alexandria, Chapter 5 §506.1, requires a key repository (key box) for buildings where fire alarm or sprinklers are installed after 14 June 1997. Order forms for the KNOX® key box (KKB) indicating the key number required are available from the Office of Building and Fire Code Administration, 301 King Street, Room 4200 (703-746-4200).
  2. The size, number, and box Installation of the Knox® key boxes shall be coordinated with the first due fire station that will determine the number and location with at least one box located at the primary fire department entrance (main entrance or fire command room in high-rise buildings). However, depending on the complexity of the building, more than one key box may be required.
  3. The KKB shall be visible and accessible at 48 inches to 60 inches above finished grade.
  4. The KKB shall contain all keys or pass cards necessary to gain access into the building and other critical areas including but not limited to main entrance or other entrance doors, fire control room, elevator machine room, storage room(s), laundry room(s), trash room(s), electrical room(s), roof, sprinkler room, and mechanical room(s).
  5. In addition, keys to critical building systems and equipment shall be available including but not limited to sprinkler control valve pad lock(s), elevator firemen's service, fire alarm and annunciator panels, manual pull station reset, automatic door lock system override (if not Knox® key type).
  6. Keys shall be on a firm key ring (no loose keys) with a brass tag indicating how many keys should be on each ring. Each key shall be color-coded and a legend provided on each ring. The color code shall conform to the following convention:
a. Master key (White)
b. Main entrance (Green)
c. Any additional entrance or exit points, locked stairwell doors, roof access doors (Yellow)
d. Fire control room, fire alarm reset, sprinkler control valve pad lock(s) elevator fireman's service (Red)
e. Elevator machine, mechanical, electrical rooms (Blue)
f. Storage room(s), laundry rooms, trash (Orange)
g. Apartment Master (Black)

SECTION 3 - FIRE ALARM AND DETECTION SYSTEMS


3.1 HIGH-RISE FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL

  • Two Fire Systems Inspectors (More, if there are multiple annunciation points)
  • Two Contractors / Technicians
  • Other trades as required to conduct test
TIME REQUIRED
  • Eight Hours Estimated Minimum (Complete Building)
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Wall and Ceiling Concealment (Rough - In)
  • Device Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • At the beginning of the witnessed fire alarm test, the fire alarm system shall be placed on battery power and remain on battery power until such time the Fire Systems Inspector has witnessed at least one of each type of system signal not to exceed 15 minutes. While operating on battery, supervisory and alarm current measurements will be taken by the contractor with measured values calculated to verify capacity by the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • After removing the system from battery power, the fire alarm system shall be returned to normal ready condition with no alarms or troubles on the system and all panels closed.
  • All fire alarm devices shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Record of Completion and U. L. Central Station Certificate (if required), to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • The Fire Systems Inspector shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Reprogramming of addressable systems during the test shall be allowed at the discretion of the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, cut sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke, hand tools, hoses, manometer, sound pressure level meter, multi-meter, heat gun, ladders, lifts, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • All required Digital Alarm Communication Transmitters, phone lines, and Central or Remote Station signal receiving centers, circuits, and systems shall be in place, tested, and ready for service at least 24 hours prior to the start of the acceptance test.
  • A key repository (Knox Box) shall be installed near the entrance to the building with labeled building access keys or cards and fire alarm system keys inside of the box prior to the acceptance test.
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems. Conspicuously posted notices shall be placed at all main entrances and on all floors.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. sprinkler, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • Failing fire alarm systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
  • The contractor shall have the system in normal ready mode when the Fire Systems Inspector arrives and shall not place the system into test mode prior to the start of the inspection or test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspector shall notify the Alexandria Fire Communications Center via radio or telephone at 703-838-4660 to disregard all alarms and request the Communication Center notify the Fire Systems Inspector when the alarm signals are received.
  • Once the Fire Systems Inspector is notified by the Alexandria Fire Communications Center the central or remote station has acknowledged alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals, the contractor shall notify the central or remote station of the test and place the system in test mode.
  • All new, replaced, and relocated fire alarm initiation and supervision devices shall be visually inspected and operationally tested under actual operational conditions using the manufacture's recommended procedures or the "Test Methods" table in NFPA 72. No simulated operation is allowed or acceptable. (e.g. water must move through pipe for a flow switch, valve handle must be turned for a tamper switch) All device types, locations, and functions shall be verified. (Note: If wet, dry, or clean agent systems are installed, caution must be taken not to accidentally discharge these systems unless they are a part of a specific test procedure).
  • All new, replaced, and relocated fire alarm notification appliance device operation shall be audibly and visually verified using the appropriate test equipment as necessary. All device types, locations, functions, annunciation, and signal shall be verified.
  • If a new system and an existing system are interconnected, all existing devices known to be affected by the interconnection shall be tested through the new system. In addition, 10 percent of total system initiating device that are not directly affected by the interconnection up to a maximum of 50 devices shall also be tested.
  • Fire alarm system devices shall be tested under normal power and standby power as directed by the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • Random tests shall be made on all system circuits, loops, and lines located between devices, the main fire alarm / annunciator panels, and the remote dialer to confirm continuity and the actuation of a system trouble signal when continuity is lost.
  • Text display messages and annunciation shall be verified at all locations throughout a facility to include main fire alarm panel, annunciator panel, video monitor displays, and printers. Each display shall provide the appropriate information and replicate device, zone, floor, and signal type.
  • Verify Fire Command Station contains voice/alarm signaling system controls, fire department communication system controls, automatic detection and alarm system annunciator panels, an annunciator that visually indicates the floor location of elevator and whether they are operational, status indicators and controls for air handling systems, controls for unlocking all stairway doors simultaneously, emergency and standby power status indicators, and telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.
  • All voice/alarm signaling systems and devices shall be tested under actual field conditions.
  • All fire department communication systems throughout the facility shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All electric door locking and release systems shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All HVAC control, smoke control, stairwell pressurization, and door release functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All elevator override and recall functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All access control and latch control devices shall be tested under actual operation conditions.
  • Verify stairwell identification is in place and matches annunciator panel layout.

3.2 LOW-RISE FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • Two Fire Systems Inspectors (More, if there are multiple annunciation points)
  • Two Contractors / Technicians
  • Other trades as required to conduct test
TIME REQUIRED
  • Two Hours Minimum
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Wall and Ceiling Concealment (Rough - In)
  • Device Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • At the beginning of the witnessed fire alarm test, the fire alarm system shall be placed on battery power and remain on battery power until such time the Fire Systems Inspector has witnessed at least one of each type of system signal not to exceed 15 minutes. While operating on battery, supervisory and alarm current measurements will be taken by the contractor with measured values calculated to verify capacity by the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • After removing the system from battery power, the fire alarm system shall be returned to normal ready condition with no alarms or troubles on the system and all panels closed.
  • All fire alarm devices shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Record of Completion and U. L. Central Station Certificate (if required), to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Reprogramming of addressable systems shall be allowed during test at the discretion of the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke, hand tools, hoses, manometer, sound pressure level meter, multi-meter, heat gun, ladders, lifts, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • All required Digital Alarm Communication Transmitters, phone lines, and Central or Remote Station signal receiving centers, circuits, and systems shall be in place, tested, and ready for service at least 24 hours prior to the start of the acceptance test.
  • A key repository (Knox Box) shall be installed near the entrance to the building with labeled building access keys or cards and fire alarm system keys inside of the box prior to the acceptance test.
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems. Conspicuously posted notices shall be placed at all entrances and on all floors.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. sprinkler, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • Failing fire alarm systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
  • The contractor shall have the system in normal ready mode when the Fire Systems Inspector arrives and shall not place the system into test mode prior to the start of the inspection or test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspector shall notify the Alexandria Fire Communications Center via radio or telephone at 703-838-4660 to disregard all alarms and request the Communication Center notify the Fire Systems Inspector when the alarm signals are received.
  • Once the Fire Systems Inspector is notified by the Alexandria Fire Communications Center the central or remote station has acknowledged alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals, the contractor shall notify the central or remote station of the test and place the system in test mode.
  • All new, replaced, and relocated fire alarm initiation and supervision devices shall be visually inspected and operationally tested under actual operational conditions using the manufacture's recommended procedures or the "Test Methods" table in NFPA 72. No simulated operation is allowed or acceptable. (e.g. water must move through pipe for a flow switch, valve handle must be turned for a tamper switch) All device types, locations, and functions shall be verified. (Note: If wet, dry, or clean agent systems are installed, caution must be taken not to accidentally discharge these systems unless they are a part of a specific test procedure).
  • All new, replaced, and relocated fire alarm notification appliance device operation shall be audibly and visually verified using the appropriate test equipment as necessary. All device types, locations, functions, annunciation, and signal shall be verified.
  • If a new system and an existing system are interconnected, all existing devices known to be affected by the interconnection shall be tested through the new system. In addition, 10 percent of total system initiating device that are not directly affected by the interconnection up to a maximum of 50 devices shall also be tested.
  • Fire alarm system devices shall be tested under normal power and standby power as directed by the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • Random tests shall be made on all system circuits, loops, and lines located between devices, the main fire alarm / annunciator panels, and the remote dialer to confirm continuity and the actuation of a system trouble signal when continuity is lost.
  • Text display messages and annunciation shall be verified at all locations throughout a facility to include main fire alarm panel, annunciator panel, video monitor displays, and printers. Each display shall provide the appropriate information and replicate device, zone, floor, and signal type.
  • Verify Fire Command Station contains voice/alarm signaling system controls, fire department communication system controls, automatic detection and alarm system annunciator panels, an annunciator that visually indicates the floor location of elevator and whether they are operational, status indicators and controls for air handling systems, controls for unlocking all stairway doors simultaneously, emergency and standby power status indicators, and telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.
  • All voice/alarm signaling systems and devices shall be tested under actual field conditions.
  • All fire department communication systems throughout the facility shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All electric door locking and release systems shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All HVAC control, smoke control, stairwell pressurization, and door release functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All elevator override and recall functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All access control and latch control devices shall be tested under actual operation conditions.
  • Verify stairwell identification is in place and matches annunciator panel layout.

3.3 TENANT SPACE FIRE ALARM 

PERSONNEL
  • One Fire Systems Inspector (More, if there are multiple annunciation points)
  • One Contractor
  • Other trades as required to conduct test
TIME REQUIRED
  • One Hour Maximum
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Wall and Ceiling Concealment (Rough - In)
  • Device Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All fire alarm devices shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Record of Completion to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Reprogramming of addressable systems shall be allowed during test at the discretion of the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke, hand tools, hoses, manometers, sound pressure level meter, multi-meter, heat gun, ladders, lifts, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • All required Digital Alarm Communication Transmitters, phone lines, and Central or Remote Station signal receiving centers, circuits, and systems shall be in place, tested, and ready for service at least 24 hours prior to the start of the acceptance test if required.
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems and conspicuously post notices at all entrances and on all floors.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. sprinkler, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • Failing fire alarm systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
  • The contractor shall have the system in normal ready mode when the Fire Systems Inspector arrives and shall not place the system into test mode prior to the start of the inspection or test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspector shall notify the Alexandria Fire Communications Center via radio or telephone at 703-838-4660 to disregard all alarms and request the Communication Center notify the Fire Systems Inspector when the alarm signals are received.
  • Once the Fire Systems Inspector is notified by the Alexandria Fire Communications Center the Central or Remote station has acknowledged alarm, supervisory, and trouble signals, the contractor shall notify the central or remote station of the test and place the system in test mode.
  • All new, replaced, and relocated fire alarm initiation and supervision devices shall be visually inspected and operationally tested under actual operational conditions using the manufactures recommended procedures or the "Test Methods" table in NFPA 72. No simulated operation is allowed or acceptable. (e.g. water must move through pipe for a flow switch, valve handle must be turned for a tamper switch) All device types, locations, and functions shall be verified. (Note: If wet, dry, or clean agent systems are installed, caution must be taken not to accidentally discharge these systems unless they are a part of a specific test procedure).
  • All new, replaced, and relocated fire alarm notification appliance device operation shall be audibly and visually verified using the appropriate test equipment as necessary. All device types, locations, and functions shall be verified.
  • If a new system and an exiting system are interconnected, all existing devices known to be affected by the interconnection shall be tested through the new system. In addition, 10 percent of total system initiating device that are not directly affected by the interconnection up to a maximum of 50 devices shall also be tested.
  • Fire alarm system devices shall be tested under normal power and standby power as directed by the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • Random tests shall be made on all system circuits, loops, and lines located between devices, the main fire alarm / annunciator panels, and the remote dialer to confirm continuity and the actuation of a system trouble signal when continuity is lost.
  • Text display messages and annunciation shall be verified at all locations throughout a facility to include main fire alarm panel, annunciator panel, video monitor displays, and printers. Each display shall provide the appropriate information and replicate device, zone, floor, and signal type.
  • All electric door locking and release systems shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All door release functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All elevator override and recall functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All access control and latch control devices shall be tested under actual operation conditions.

3.4 FIRE ALARM MONITORING

PERSONNEL
  • One Fire Systems Inspector
  • One Contractor
TIME REQUIRED
  • Thirty Minutes
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Wall and Ceiling Concealment (Rough - In)
  • Device Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All required Digital Alarm Communication Transmitters, phone lines, and Central or Remote Station signal receiving centers, circuits, and systems shall be in place, pre-tested, and ready for service at least 24 hours prior to the start of the acceptance test.
  • Verify the dialer system is connected to a minimum of two separate phone lines and confirm the lines have different phone numbers by calling Alexandria Fire Communications to verify the telephone numbers.
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems and conspicuously post notices at all entrances and on all floors.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. sprinkler, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • Reprogramming of an addressable system shall be permitted during test at the discretion of the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke, hand tools, hoses, manometers, sound pressure level meter, multi-meter, heat gun, ladders, lifts, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Failing fire alarm systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
  • The contractor shall have the system in normal ready mode when the Fire Systems Inspector arrives and shall not place the system into test mode prior to the start of the inspection or test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspector shall notify the Alexandria Fire Communications Center via radio or telephone at 703-838-4660 to disregard all alarms and request the Communication Center notify the Fire Systems Inspector when the alarm signals are received.
  • Remove primary power, actuate an initiating device and verify the appropriate signals are received at the monitoring station. On completion of test, restore system to normal.
  • Verify the failure of the primary transmission path results in a trouble signal being transmitted via the secondary path to the monitoring station within 4 minutes of the detection of the fault.
  • Verify the failure of the secondary transmission path results in a trouble signal being transmitted via the primary path to the monitoring station within 4 minutes of fault.
  • Verify the failure of both line results in a trouble signal at the facility.
  • Verify system is capable of seizing the telephone line, disconnecting outgoing or incoming calls, and preventing its use for outgoing calls until signal transmission is completed.
  • Verify system can reset and retry if first attempt to complete signal transmission sequence is unsuccessful a minimum of five and a maximum of ten attempts.
  • Verify a fire alarm signal is received at the Central Station Monitoring facility and appropriately transmitted to the Alexandria Fire Communications Center.
  • Verify trouble and supervisory signals are received at the Central Station Monitoring facility and appropriately transmitted to the Alexandria Fire Communications Center.


SECTION 4 - WATER BASED SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS


4.1 UNDERGROUND FIRE SERVICE MAINS AND FREE STANDING FDC 

PERSONNEL

  • One Fire Systems Inspector
  • One Contractor
TIME REQUIRED
  • Thirty Minutes - Flow / Flush test
  • Two Hours and Fifteen Minutes - Hydrostatic test
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual Inspection
  • Hydrostatic Test
  • Line Flush
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All underground fire service mains, lead-in connections, and free standing fire department connections shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Contractor's Material and Test Certificate to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved site plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment shall be on site and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, gauges etc).
  • If practical or necessary, contractor shall notify all affected parties and affected trades to ensure the appropriate trade representative or authority is present during the witnessed test.
  • All underground fire service mains, lead-in connections, and free standing fire department connections shall be visually inspected and hydrostatically tested in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector before pipe is covered.
  • Trench shall be backfilled between joints before testing to prevent movement of the pipe.
  • All underground fire service mains, lead-in connections, and free standing fire department connections shall be flushed in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector with the appropriate documentation on site to confirm test results.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing underground fire service mains, lead-in connections, and freestanding fire department connections shall be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE

Visual Inspection
  • Verify pipe is the specified size, of the appropriate material, in the proper location, and conforms to all requirements of the approved site plan.
  • Verify pipe is buried a minimum of 4 feet below grade measured from the top of the pipe.
  • Verify all bend, tees, plugs, cap bends, and hydrant branch lines are properly restrained from movement by the appropriate method. (Pipe clamps, tie rods, thrust blocks, locked mechanical or push on joints, mechanical joints utilizing setscrew retainer glands, or other approved method).
  • Verify all restraining components are of the specified size, material, listed for the use, and properly connected.
  • Verify all restraining components and devices are cleaned and coated with approved corrosion-retarding materials.
  • Verify that any pipe installed through footers and under buildings shall have rods to a point at least 5 feet outside of the building.
Hydrostatic Test
  • All underground fire service mains, lead-in connections, and free standing fire department connections shall be hydrostatically tested for two hours at 200 psi or at 50 psi in excess of the maximum static pressure, whichever is greater.
  • Observe all points of connection for leaks, damage, or other detrimental conditions.
  • After two hours minimum, re-inspect all points of connection for leaks, damage, or other detrimental conditions.
  • Observe release of water pressure and confirm the test gauge returns to zero psi.
Line Flush
  • Outlet used for flushing shall be equal in size to the pipe being flushed.
  • Observe thorough flush of underground fire service mains and lead-in connections at the minimum rate of flow not less than the system demand rate or not less than that necessary to provide a velocity of 10 feet /second, whichever is greater. Flow rate to meet required velocity is based on line size. Refer to NFPA 24 for flow requirements to produce velocity.
  • Continue flushing operation for sufficient time to ensure thorough cleaning of pipe and until water flow is clear.

4.2 FIRE HYDRANTS 

PERSONNEL
  • One Fire Systems Inspector
  • One Contractor
TIME REQUIRED
  • Thirty Minutes -Visual Inspections, Flush, and Flow Tests
  • Two Hours and Fifteen Minutes - Hydrostatic test
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual Inspection
  • Operational Test
  • Flush
  • Hydrostatic Test
  • Flow Test
  • Final Inspection

TESTING PROCEDURE

Visual Inspection

  • Verify hydrant is located as shown on the approved site plans.
  • Verify accessibility and devices to protect hydrant from damage (if required), are properly installed.
  • Verify hydrant is the type specified and properly installed, including established grade, plumb, proper thread type (two) 2 ½ inch and (one) 4 inch (NSH) thread, size, orientation to the curb, markings, appropriate stabilization and attachment to other components.
  • Verify there is no damage to the threads, bonnet, caps, stem nuts, and body of the hydrant.
  • Verify hydrant is painted with the specified colors and pattern.
Operational Test
  • Remove all nozzle caps and verify threads area clean, undamaged, lubricated and properly re-installed.
  • Verify hydrant threads are the appropriate size and type with test caps.
  • Verify hydrant-operating nut properly operates by fully opening and completely closing. (Open and close slowly to avoid water hammer condition).
  • Verify hydrant gate control valve properly operates by fully opening and completely closing.
  • Verify oil level by unscrewing one nozzle cap, tightening the others, opening the hydrant fully and tightening the loose cap once water starts to flow. Remove oil plugs and check oil level.
  • Check all flange connections for leaks.
  • Slowly close operating nut to fully closed position, remove one nozzle cap and place a hand over the opening. Drainage rate should be sufficiently rapid to create a noticeable suction. Examine the inside of the barrel to make certain drain valves have completely drained water from the barrel.
Flush
  • Remove one nozzle cap, open hydrant fully, and flush barrel and hydrant lateral until water flows clean and with no signs of particulate matter.
  • Slowly close the operating nut to the fully closed position, remove one nozzle cap and place a hand over the opening. The drainage rate should be sufficiently repaired to create a noticeable suction. Examine the inside of the barrel to make certain drain valves have completely drained water from the barrel.
Hydrostatic Test
  • If only the hydrant is being hydrostatic tested, confirm the hydrant gate control valve is closed. Observe test gauges, rig, and connections for proper installation and record the water pressure that should not be less than 200 psi or 50 psi in excess of the maximum static pressure when the maximum static pressure is in excess of 150 psi for not less than two hours.
  • Observe all points of connection for leaks, damage, or other conditions that could inhibit the operation of the pipe and hydrant
  • After two hours minimum, re-inspect all points of connection for leaks, damage, or other conditions that could inhibit the operation of the pipe or hydrant.
  • Observe release of water pressure from the test rig and confirm the test gauge returns to zero psi.
  • Observe operation of the street gate valve and confirm it is fully opened after the completion of the test.
Flow Test
  • Remove 2-½ inch hydrant cap and connect test equipment to the outlet so that Pitot tube is pointed away from the water flow.
  • Slowly open the hydrant to the full open position and flush until clear water is observed.
  • Slowly and fully close hydrant and then turn Pitot tube to face the water stream.
  • With the petcock open on the pitot gauge mounting tube, flush line 15 seconds or until a clear and unobstructed flow is observed.
  • Close petcock and record gauge pressure from the flowing hydrant.
  • Close the operating nut to the fully closed position, remove one nozzle cap and place a hand over the opening. Drainage rate should be sufficiently rapid to create a noticeable suction. Examine inside of barrel to make certain valves have completely drained water from the barrel.
  • Remove test equipment and replace 2-½ inch cap on hydrant.
Special Requirements
  • If any of the preceding installation criteria, operational objectives, inspections, or tests do not meet the requirements or standards, then the hydrant shall be placed out of service until such time the hydrant is brought into 100% compliance.

4.3 STANDPIPE SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • Two Fire Systems Inspectors
  • Two Contractors
TIME REQUIRED
  • Two Hours - Wet Standpipe / Roof Top Flow Test
  • Two Hours and Thirty Minutes - Dry Standpipe Hydrostatic Test
  • One Hour - Dry System Trip Test
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Hydrostatic Test
  • Roof Top Flow Test
  • Trip and Air Test (Dry Systems)
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All standpipe systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Contractor's Material and Test Certificate for Aboveground Piping to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All hose valves and valve caps shall be in place. Note: If installed, all pressure reducing or regulating hose valves shall be confirmed for the elevation, tagged, and fitted with an external pressure regulating adjustment (override capabilities) for use by fire suppression personnel.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing standpipe systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
  • Prior to connecting standpipe systems to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be flushed in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector with the appropriate documentation on site to confirm test results. In addition, piping between fire department connection and the check valve in the inlet pipe shall be flushed prior to the completion of the system and prior to the installation of the fire department connection for above and below ground fire department connections.
  • Prior to connecting standpipe systems to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be hydrostatically tested in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector.
TESTING PROCEDURE

General

  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
  • Visually inspect all system components to ensure appropriate materials, fittings, joining / support methods, and pipe dimensions are as specified in the approved plans.
  • Verify all hose valves have external threads and 2-½ inch x 1 ½ inch reducing caps meeting National Hose Standard.
  • Verify each fire department connection has at least two 2-½ inch internal threaded swivel fittings protected with caps or plugs meeting National Hose Standard.
  • Verify that a permanently marked weather-resistant metal sign has been installed to clearly identify the use for the fire department connection.
  • Verify fire department connection is not more than 100 feet from the nearest fire hydrant and is not less than 18 inches nor more than 42 inches above the level of the adjoining ground, sidewalk, or grade surface.
  • Verify that a gauge or gauges are installed at the top of the standpipe riser and are controlled by a valve having an arrangement for draining.
  • Verify each standpipe has a drain valve and piping located at the lowest point of the standpipe system so a means to drain is available.
  • Verify each standpipe riser has a separate indicating control valve.
  • If pressure control devices are required on standpipe hose valves, all hose valves shall be externally controlled or regulated. If pressures exceed 150 psi, a permanent sign shall be placed at each hose valve. Each pressure regulating hose valve shall be tagged with the testing requirements and floor location.
  • If pressure reducing hose valves are installed on the standpipe system, all shall tested and pressure verified prior to installation.
  • If pressure regulating devices are installed on the standpipe system, verify that permanent 3 inch drain risers with 3 inch x 2 ½ inch tee, internal threaded swivel fitting with National Hose Standard threads are provided adjacent to each standpipe.
Hydrostatic Test
  • All sprinkler systems including the fire department connection shall be hydrostatically tested for two hours at 200 psi or at 50 psi in excess of the maximum static pressure, whichever is greater.
  • All hydrostatic pressure shall be measured by a gauge at the low elevation point of the individual system or zone being tested.
  • The sprinkler piping shall not show any visible leakage or lose any pressure.
  • At the completion of the hydrostatic test, the pressure shall be released and all gauges shall return to zero.
Roof Top Flow Test
  • All flow tests shall be conducted at the hydraulically most-remote outlet to determine compliance with the single-riser criteria.
  • Flow tests shall be conducted in a safe manner and approved manner. If possible, no water should leave the roof.
  • Pressure readings shall be taken at the pitot and on the riser gauge to determine flow and pressure.
  • A minimum of 100 foot of hose shall be used for roof top flows.
  • For a manual standpipe, a fire department pumper shall be used to verify the system design by pumping into the fire department connection. Contractor must notify the Code Enforcement Bureau of the need for the fire department pumper at least 7 days prior to the expected inspection or test date.
Dry Pipe Valve Trip Test
  • For dry systems supplied through a dry pipe valve, a working test of all valves, quick-opening devices and air maintenance devices shall be made.
  • Confirm dry pipe valve is ready for service and witness opening of most hydraulically remote hose valve.
  • Witness dry system trip test and confirm water to the most remote hose outlet is delivered in not more than 60 seconds and that a minimum of 500 gallons per minute @ 65 psi is delivered within 3 minutes.
  • Confirm air compressor size and the time required to repressurize the system with air after system is restored (no greater than 30 minutes, 60 minutes for low differential valves), is met.
Air Test
  • Verify system air pressure is at 40 psi or the manufactures recommended pressure and all gauges and valves are sealed to prevent tampering.
  • After 24 hours, verify system air test pressure has not dropped more than 1-½ psi.
  • Release air pressure from system and verify pressure gauges return to zero psi.

4.4 SPRINKLER SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • One Fire Systems Inspector - Per System
  • One Contractor - Per System
TIME REQUIRED
  • Two Hours and Fifteen Minutes Per System - Hydrostatic Test
  • One Hour - Dry Valve Trip Test
  • Fifteen Minutes to One Hour Final and Visual Inspections
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual / Hydrostatic test
  • Trip and Air Test (Dry Systems)
  • Main Drain Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All sprinkler systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Certificate of Completion to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing sprinkler systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
  • Prior to connecting sprinkler systems to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be flushed in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector with the appropriate documentation on site to confirm test results. In addition, piping between fire department connection and the check valve in the inlet pipe shall be flushed prior to the completion of the system and prior to the installation of the fire department connection for above and below ground fire department connections.
  • Prior to connecting sprinkler systems to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be hydrostatically tested in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector.
TESTING PROCEDURE

General

  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved pans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
Visual Inspection
  • Visually inspect all system components to ensure appropriate materials, fittings, joining / support methods, pipe dimensions and locations are as specified in the approved plans.
  • Verify sprinkler head coverage and spacing, correct temperature, and correct type of head has been installed.
  • Check for conditions not clearly indicated on plans that could compromise sprinkler head coverage such as columns, beams, girders, bar joists, truss webs, light fixtures, displays, furniture, moveable walls, soffits, ductwork and bulkheads.
  • Confirm that no other items, systems, materials, or components are attached or supported by the sprinkler piping.
  • If used, note locations of test blanks and plugs on approved plans and inspection report.
  • Verify all identification signs for control valves and operational valves are permanently attached indicating function and what is controlled.
  • Verify each fire department connection has at least two 2-½ inch internal threaded swivel fittings protected with caps or plugs meeting National Hose Standard.
  • Verify that a permanently marked weather-resistant metal sign has been installed to clearly identify the use for the fire department connection.
  • Verify fire department connection is not more than 100 feet from the nearest fire hydrant and is not less than 18 inches nor more than 42 inches above the level of the adjoining ground, sidewalk, or grade surface.
  • Verify the contractor has provided and installed hydraulic design information signs at the alarm, dry, deluge, or pre-action valve that are permanently marked, weatherproof, metal, and secured with corrosion-resistant wire, chain, or other approved means.
Hydrostatic Test
  • All sprinkler systems including the fire department connection shall be hydrostatically tested for two hours at 200 psi or at 50 psi in excess of the maximum static pressure, whichever is greater.
  • All hydrostatic pressure shall be measured by a gauge at the low elevation point of the individual system or zone being tested.
  • The sprinkler piping shall not show any visible leakage or lose any pressure.
  • At the completion of the hydrostatic test, the pressure shall be released and all gauges shall return to zero.
Main Drain Test
  • Flow water from the main drain to ensure and adequate and unobstructed water supply.
  • Record static and residual pressure readings for future reference.
  • Verify system drains are piped to an exterior location or interior drain that can handle the discharge of water in a manner that will not cause flooding or damage at the location of discharge.
Dry Pipe Valve Trip Test
  • For dry systems supplied through a dry pipe valve, a working test of all valves, quick-opening devices and air maintenance devices shall be made.
  • Confirm dry pipe valve is ready for service and witness opening of most hydraulically remote inspectors test valve.
  • Witness dry system trip test and confirm water to the most remote hose outlet is delivered in not more than 60 seconds.
  • Confirm air compressor size and the time required to repressurize the system with air after system is restored (no greater than 30 minutes, 60 minutes for low differential valves), is met.
Air Test
  • Verify system air pressure is at 40 psi or the manufactures recommended pressure and all gauges and valves are sealed to prevent tampering.
  • After 24 hours, verify system air test pressure has not dropped more than 1½ psi.
  • Release air pressure from system and verify pressure gauges return to zero psi.
Special Requirements
  • One inspector per system shall be assigned to each floor/system. Multiple floors and / or systems shall not be tested at the same time, by the same inspector.
  • One pressure gauge per system. No multiple systems on a single gauge.
  • All system drains and inspectors test points shall be piped in such a manner to discharge to the exterior of a building or to an internal drain capable to handling the maximum flow of discharge so not to cause flooding or damage at the location of discharge.
  • The Fire Protection Systems Inspector shall provide test orifice for all trip tests.

4.5 FIRE PUMP SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • Two Fire Systems Inspectors
  • Two Contractors
  • One Manufacturers Representative
  • One Electrician
TIME REQUIRED
  • Two Hours Per Pump
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual / Hydrostatic test
  • Flush
  • Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All fire pump systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Certificate of Completion and Test to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • Prior to connecting the fire pump system to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be flushed in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector with the appropriate documentation on site to confirm test results. In addition, piping between fire department connection and the check valve in the inlet pipe shall be flushed prior to the completion of the system and prior to the installation of the fire department connection including above and below ground fire department connections.
  • Prior to connecting the fire pump system to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be hydrostatically tested in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector.
  • The Manufacturers representative shall be on site during the acceptance test and provide the certified pump curve to the Fire Systems Inspector so it can be used to evaluate the pumps performance.
  • Prior to the start of the acceptance test, the electrical or mechanical inspector shall approve all electrical and mechanical systems.
  • For every 250 gallons of designed flow, one test valve shall be installed on the fire pump test header.
  • The fire pump shall be tested at minimum (no flow), rated (100%), and peak (150%) loads.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing fire pump systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars, which shall be paid before any additional test.
TESTING PROCEDURE

General

  • Prior to beginning of the acceptance test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
Visual Inspection
  • Visually inspect all system components and accessories to ensure appropriate materials, fittings, joining / support methods, pipe dimensions and locations are as specified in the approved plans.
  • Verify the hydraulic data plate is attached, permanently marked, constructed of weatherproof metal, and secured with corrosion-resistant fasteners or other approved means.
  • Verify pump size and compatibility of controller equipment against that of the pump.
  • Verify the pump room has adequate heat, proper drainage and sufficient lighting.
Hydrostatic Test
  • All fire pump system piping (suction and discharge) shall be hydrostatically tested for two hours at 200 psi or at 50 psi in excess of the maximum static pressure, whichever is greater.
  • The sprinkler piping shall not show any visible leakage or lose any pressure.
  • At the completion of the hydrostatic test, the pressure shall be released and all gauges shall return to zero.
Flush
  • Suction piping shall be flushed at a flow rate not less than the hydraulically calculated water demand rate of the system or at a flow rate as specified in NFPA 20, whichever is greater. Flushing should take place prior to connection of fire pump to suction piping, but flushing through the fire pump test manifold will be considered if circumstances dictate.
Flow Acceptance Test
  • Verify water discharge from the fire pump has stabilized and immediately thereafter, measure the operating conditions of the fire pump and driver.
  • Manufacturer or installer shall obtain and record the following: pump rpms, motor amperage (electric drivers only), suction pressure, discharge pressure, and gpm flow at 0% (no flow), 100% of rated capacity, and 150% of rated capacity. amperage, voltage, and rpms.
  • Continuously monitor suction pressure reading to ensure a minimum residual pressure of 0-psi or higher is maintained at all times.
  • Verify the fire pump and motor do not overheat during the test or flow of water.
  • Verify fire pump and controller automatically shutdown after no less than 10 minutes.
  • Fire pump operation shall be tested under normal power, for automatic transfer, and under emergency power / back up power.
  • Verify fire pump and fire alarm interconnection and annunciation.
  • Fire pump and fire pump controller shall be tested for a minimum of six automatic and six manual start and stops sequences.
  • Verify casing relief and pressure relief valves are operating properly.
Electric Drivers
  • Verify protection of the electrical cable for the fire pump.
  • Verify circuit breaker for proper rating.
  • Verify minimum run time setting on controller where installed.
  • Witness and verify transfer from normal power to emergency power.
Diesel Fire Pumps
  • Verify all components for the fuel supply installed properly. (Includes tank, tank Fill, vent piping, and fire pump supply and return lines)
  • Verify batteries are properly mounted, secured, and charged.
  • Verify there is a block heater on the engine.
  • Witness a failure-to-start sequence.
  • Witness a cold-start of the diesel engine.
  • Check the exhaust system for proper pipe size, appropriate flexible connection, and proper location for exhaust discharge.
  • Check the discharge piping on the engine coolant bypass and make sure it is the same size as provided on the pump and discharges to a floor drain.
  • Witness an over speed test and verify if a warning bell sounds and the pump stops.
  • Check the relief valve setting and verify that it relives if the pump operates above normal speed.
  • Verify the automatic operation of the diesel driver during the fire pump test.

4.6 FOAM SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • Two Fire Systems Inspectors - Per System
  • Two Contractors - Per System
  • One Manufacturers Representative
  • One Fire Alarm Technician - Per System
TIME REQUIRED
  • Two Hours and Fifteen Minutes Per System - Hydrostatic Test
  • One Hour Per System - Visual Inspection
  • One Hour Per System - Dry / Deluge Valve Trip Test
  • Two Hours Per System - Fire Alarm and Final Inspection
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual / Hydrostatic test
  • Main Drain Test
  • Operational / Discharge Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All foam systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Certificate of Completion to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing foam systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
  • Prior to connecting foam systems to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be flushed in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector with the appropriate documentation on site to confirm test results. In addition, piping between fire department connection and the check valve in the inlet pipe shall be flushed prior to the completion of the system and prior to the installation of the fire department connection.
  • Prior to connecting foam systems to main water supply, all underground mains and lead-in connections shall be hydrostatically tested in the presence of a Fire Systems Inspector.
  • All foam system piping shall be flushed after installation using the systems normal water supply with foam-forming materials shut-off, (unless the hazard can not be subjected to water flow), in the presence of the Fire Systems Inspector. Where flushing cannot be performed, the interior of the pipe shall be visually examined for cleanliness and made clean if not.
TESTING PROCEDURE

General

  • Prior to beginning of the acceptance test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
Visual Inspection
  • Visually inspect all above ground and below ground system components to ensure appropriate materials, fittings, joining / support methods, pipe dimensions and locations are as specified in the approved plans.
  • Verify nozzle or head coverage and spacing, and correct type of nozzle or head has been installed.
  • Check for conditions not clearly indicated on plans that could compromise nozzle or head coverage such as columns, beams, girders, bar joists, truss webs, light fixtures, soffits, ductwork and bulkheads.
  • Confirm that no other items, systems, materials, or components are attached or supported by the piping.
  • If used, note locations of test blanks, plugs, or blinds on approved plans and inspection report and ensure they are removed at the completion of the inspection and test.
  • Inspect all proportioning devices, accessory equipment, and tanks or storage container for proper installation.
  • Inspect all valve locations, control, gauges, vapor seals for accessibility and proper installation.
  • Verify all fixed discharge outlets equipped with frangible seals are accessible for inspection and maintenance.
  • Verify all strainers are clean and properly positioned.
  • Verify all identification signs for control valves and operational valves are permanently attached indicating function and what is controlled.
  • Verify all warning signs are permanently attached and visible to personnel who could be in contact with the foam products.
  • Verify each fire department connection has at least two 2½-inch internal threaded swivel fittings protected with caps or plugs meeting National Hose Standard.
  • Verify that a permanently marked weather-resistant metal sign has been installed to clearly identify the use for the fire department connection.
  • Verify fire department connection is not more than 100 feet from the nearest fire hydrant and is not less than 18 inches nor more than 42 inches above the level of the adjoining ground, sidewalk, or grade surface.
  • Verify the contractor has provided and installed hydraulic design information signs at the alarm, dry, deluge, or pre-action valve that are permanently marked, weatherproof, metal, and secured with corrosion-resistant wire, chain, or other approved means.
  • Verify all normally dry horizontally piping is correctly pitched for proper drainage.
Main Drain Test
  • Flow water from the main drain to ensure and adequate and unobstructed water supply.
  • Record static and residual pressure readings for future reference.
  • Verify system drains are piped to an exterior location or interior drain that can handle the discharge of water in a manner that will not cause flooding or damage at the location of discharge.
Hydrostatic Test
  • All foam system piping including the fire department connection and except piping handling expanded foam for other than subsurface application, shall be hydrostatically tested for two hours at 200 psi or at 50 psi in excess of the maximum static pressure, whichever is greater.
  • All hydrostatic pressure shall be measured by a gauge at the low elevation point of the individual system or zone being tested.
  • The foam system piping shall not show any visible leakage or lose any pressure.
  • At the completion of the hydrostatic test, the pressure shall be released and all gauges shall return to zero.
Operations Test
  • For systems supplied through a dry pipe / deluge valve, confirm all operating devices and equipment including dry pipe / deluge valve is ready for service and witness operation for proper function.
Discharge Test
  • Where conditions permit, witness the flow test of all systems to ensure the hazard is fully protected as specified in the design.
  • Record the following data for review and verification:

    1. Static water pressure

    2. Residual water pressure at the control valve and at the remote reference point in the system

    3. Actual discharge rate

    4. Consumption rate of foam-producing material

    5. Foam quality (expansion and ¼ drain time) or foam discharge shall be conducted or the foam discharge shall be visually inspected to ensure that it is satisfactory for the purpose intended
  • Foam Concentration shall have one of the following proportions:

    a.) Not less than the rated concentration

    b.) No more than 30 percent above the rated concentrate, or 1% point above the rated concentration (whichever is less)
  • After completion of acceptance tests, the system shall be flushed and restored to operational condition.


SECTION 5 - SUPPRESSION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS


5.1 WET AND DRY CHEMICAL SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL

  • One Fire Systems Inspector
  • One Contractor
  • One Mechanical Contractor
  • One Plumbing Contractor
TIME REQUIRED
  • One Hour - Per System
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual Inspection
  • Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TESTING CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all tanks, manual pull stations, nozzles, and fusible links shall be in place.
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all associated mechanical systems, duct work, and clean outs shall be installed and approved by the mechanical inspector.
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all associated cooking appliances shall be in place and approved by the plumbing inspector.
  • All hood suppression systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Certificate of Completion to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All systems shall be tested through automatic and manual means to ensure proper operation of the suppression system.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing hood suppression systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE

General
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
Visual Inspection
  • Visually inspect all system components to ensure appropriate materials, fittings, joining / support methods, pipe dimensions and locations are as specified in the approved plans.
  • Verify location of all associated mechanical systems and cooking appliances and check for conditions not clearly indicated on plans that could compromise nozzle coverage.
  • Verify appliances are as specified in approved plans and confirm all appliance dimensions.
  • Verify coverage, height, spacing, and correct type of nozzle has been installed.
  • Verify location of manual pull station, fusible links, control panels, and tanks to ensure no condition exists that could interfere with the proper operation of the suppression system.
  • Verify manual pull station, control valves, and operational valves are properly identified with the appropriate signage permanently attached indicating function and what is controlled.
  • Verify fusible links are the appropriate temperature and type.
  • Verify the suppression system bears the label of an approved agency.
Performance Test
  • Secure receptacles at each discharge nozzle to gather discharge product.
  • Turn on all appliance utilities, under the protective hood system and place exhaust fans in normal ("on") position.
  • Activate hood suppression system by activating an automatic fusible link.
  • Upon completion of chemical discharge, measure captured product and determine if a sufficient amount has been expelled.
  • Verify all utilities (fuel and power) shut off upon activation of suppression system.
  • Verify appropriate fan operation.
  • Verify operation of alarm device(s) upon activation of hood suppression system.
  • Reset hood suppression system and place all systems and appliances in normal operational condition.
  • Repeat test using the manual pull station and confirm functional operation of suppression system, utilities, and mechanical systems.
  • At the conclusion of all inspection and testing, ensure systems have been blown out and restored to normal ready service.
Special Requirements
  • All multiple suppression systems shall be appropriately identified and permanently labeled.
  • Provide an audio/visual fire alarm device attached to system if there is no building fire alarm system available.
  • Where persons will be exposed to a system discharge, warning signs and discharge alarms shall be provided.

5.2 GAS-BASED SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • One Fire Systems Inspector
  • One Contractor
  • One Mechanical Contractor
  • One Plumbing Contractor
TIME REQUIRED
  • One Hour - Per System
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual Inspection
  • Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TESTING CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all tanks, manual emergency release, nozzles, piping, fusible links, or other automatic release devices shall be in place.
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all associated mechanical and electrical systems shall be installed and approved by the appropriate inspector.
  • All suppression systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a Certificate of Completion to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspectors before the acceptance test is started.
  • All systems shall be tested through automatic and manual means to ensure proper operation of the suppression system.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing suppression systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE

General
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
Visual Inspection
  • Visually inspect all system components to ensure appropriate materials, fittings, joining / support methods, pipe dimensions and locations are as specified in the approved plans.
  • Verify location of all associated mechanical, electrical, and fire detection system devices and check for conditions not clearly indicated on plans that could compromise nozzle coverage.
  • Verify installation and devices are as specified in approved plans and confirm all conditions and configurations closely inspecting for unclosable openings and sources of agent loss.
  • Verify coverage, height, spacing, size, and correct type of nozzle has been installed.
  • Verify all fire detection system devices are the correct type and in the correct location.
  • Verify location of manual emergency release, fusible links, operating devices, control panels, and tanks to ensure no condition exists that could interfere with the proper operation of the suppression system.
  • Verify manual emergency release, control valves, and operational valves are properly identified with the appropriate signage permanently attached indicating function and what is controlled.
  • Verify nameplate data on the storage containers are as specified.
  • Verify fusible link is the appropriate temperature and type.
  • Verify the suppression system bears the label of an approved agency.
Performance Test
  • Witness local application test of a full system discharge via automatic means.
  • Verify design quantity to ensure effective coverage of the hazard for the full period required by the design calculations.
  • Verify all pressure-operated devices function as intended.
  • Verify operation of alarm device(s) upon activation of suppression system.
  • Reset suppression system and place all systems in normal operational condition.
  • Witness total flooding test of a full system using the manual emergency release and confirm functional operation of suppression system to ensure effective coverage of the hazard for the full period of time required by the design calculations.

    Note: Manufacturers approved "test agents" shall be permitted in lieu of the actual agent if approved by the Director of Code Administration.
Special Requirements
  • All multiple suppression systems shall be appropriately identified and permanently labeled.
  • Provide an audio/visual fire alarm device attached to system if there is fire alarm system available.
  • Where persons will be exposed to a system discharge, warning signs and discharge alarms shall be provided.

5.3 SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • Two Fire Systems Inspectors
  • Two Contractors
TIME REQUIRED
  • One Hour for Small Spaces - Spaces Less Than 60,000 Cubic Feet
  • Two Hours for Large Spaces - Spaces Greater Than 60,000 Cubic Feet
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Visual Inspection
  • Performance Test
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TESTING CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all associated mechanical (including stairwell pressurization), electrical, and fire protection systems shall be installed and approved by the appropriate inspector.
  • All smoke control systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a certified Certificate of Completion and Operation stamped by a licensed professional fire protection or mechanical engineer to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started. The system certification report shall include the following items:

    1. Identify type(s) of smoke control activation signals(s), such a sprinkler waterflow, smoke detection, manual, etc., and associated smoke control system operation(s) that are activated by the signals.

    2. Identify building area(s) where maximum mechanical exhaust to the outside is implemented and supply air is not provided.

    3. Identify building area(s) where maximum air supply is implemented and exhaust to the outside is not provided.

    4. Identify fan(s), which shall be "On" as required to implement the smoke control system. If multiple-speed fans are used, the capacity at which the fans shall operate in the smoke control mode shall be identified.

    5. Identify fan(s), which shall be "off" as required to implement the smoke control system.

    6. Identify damper(s), which shall be "open" to implement he smoke control system.

    7. Identify smoke evacuation zones, footage, and calculating the volume of air exchange.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All systems shall be tested through automatic and manual means to ensure proper operation of the smoke control system.
  • All doors to offices, stairways, and other rooms shall be in their normal position (closed)." All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke generators, ample generating fluid. hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing smoke control systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Verify all building smoke control, fire alarm, mechanical and electrical systems equipment are in the normal operating mode.
  • Verify artificial smoke generators are in the center of the smoke zone. (In extremely large smoke zones, Inspectors shall be strategically place the artificial smoke generators for optimum performance)
  • Smoke generators shall be turned on.
  • Verify artificial smoke has completely filled the smoke zone. (If a fire alarm device activates prior to the smoke zone being completely filled, the smoke control system shall be allowed to function in a normal condition).
  • Verify that each initiating device, fan, damper and other required equipment is operational and performs to the limits and capacity required.
  • Verify that correct control outputs are produced for a given control input for each control sequence specified by the system operation report.
  • If standby power is required for the operation of the smoke control system, verify proper operation on both normal building power and back up power.
  • Verify that the smoke heat vent is capable of being opened in a manner that does not require destructive testing.
  • Once the artificial smoke is completely evacuated, normal electrical power shall be removed from the smoke control system. Secondary power (generators) shall be activated to supply emergency power.
  • The artificial smoke generators shall be started a second time.
  • Manual smoke controls shall be operated to prevent premature smoke evacuation. Once the artificial smoke has completely filled the smoke zone, manual over ride controls shall be activated to remove the artificial smoke. Verify egress lighting and signs are visible for at least 10 minutes.
  • Approximately 90 percent of the artificial smoke shall be evacuated within 20 minutes.
  • A trained representative or professional engineer who possesses the knowledge, tools, and means to measure the volume of air being exhausted through the smoke evacuation system during operations and who will verify the calculations and performance on site.

5.4 STAIRWELL PRESSURIZATION SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • Two Fire Systems Inspector
  • Two Contractors
TIME REQUIRED
  • One Hour
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Performance Tests
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TESTING CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • Prior to the start of the inspection and test, all associated mechanical, electrical, and fire protection systems shall be installed and approved by the appropriate inspector.
  • All stairwell pressurization systems shall be pre-tested and the contractor shall provide a certified Certificate of Completion and Operation stamped by a licensed professional fire protection or mechanical engineer to the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All systems shall be tested through automatic and manual means to ensure proper operation of the stairwell pressurization system.
  • All doors to offices, stairways, and other rooms shall be in their normal position (closed) and installed with approved closure devices and hardware.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke generators, ample generating fluid. hand tools, hoses, barrels, gauges, ladders, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. alarm, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
  • Failing smoke control systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Verify all stair doors in the closed position.
  • Verify manual activation of pressurization system under normal and emergency power.
  • Record a minimum of three stairway readings in each stair tower (top, middle and bottom). Note: All pressure shall be between 0.15 inches of water and a maximum of 0.35 inches of water.
  • Verify stairway doors operate properly by ensuring they open and close under pressure.
  • If a stairway extension / corridor exists, the pressure shall also be checked in the corridor.
  • Repeat pressurization test by automatic activation under normal and emergency power. Note: All pressure shall be between 0.15 inches of water and a maximum of 0.35 inches of water.

5.5 ACCESS-CONTROL SYSTEMS 

PERSONNEL
  • One Fire Systems Inspector
  • One Contractor
TIME REQUIRED
  • Thirty Minutes
REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
  • Performance Tests
  • Final Inspection
PRE-TEST CONDITIONS AND POLICIES
  • All access control devices shall be pre-tested by the contractor before the acceptance test is started.
  • All approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations shall be on site and available for review by the Fire Systems Inspector before the acceptance test is started.
  • All test equipment, building access devices shall be on site, and available before the acceptance test is started. (Includes radios, smoke, hand tools, hoses, manometers, sound pressure level meter, multi-meter, heat gun, ladders, lifts, keys, pass cards, etc).
  • All required Digital Alarm Communication Transmitters, phone lines, and Central or Remote Station signal receiving centers, circuits, and systems shall be in place, tested, and ready for service at least 24 hours prior to the start of the acceptance test if required.
  • Contractor shall notify all affected parties (e.g. building management and tenants), of the impending test to minimize disruption and to prevent interruption of any critical building systems and conspicuously post notices at all entrances and on all floors.
  • Contractor shall coordinate the test with all other affected trades (e.g. sprinkler, elevator, mechanical, electrical), to ensure the appropriate trade representative is present during the witnessed test.
  • Failing access control systems will be assessed a re-inspection fee of fifty dollars that shall be paid before any additional tests are conducted.
  • The Fire Systems Inspectors shall not serve to develop a punch list.
TESTING PROCEDURE
  • Prior to beginning the test, all Fire Systems Inspectors shall review all approved plans, operation manuals, device specification sheets, and calculations.
  • The Fire Systems Inspector shall notify the Alexandria Fire Communications Center via radio or at 703-838-4660 to disregard all alarms and request the Communication Center notify the Fire Systems Inspector when the alarm signals are received.
  • Once the Fire Systems Inspector is notified by the Alexandria Fire Communications Center, the contractor shall notify the central or remote station of the test and place the system in test mode.
  • All new, replaced, and relocated access control system devices shall be visually inspected and operationally tested under actual operational conditions using the manufactures recommended procedures. All device types, locations, and functions shall be verified.
  • If a new system and an exiting system are interconnected, all existing devices known to be affected by the interconnection shall be tested through the new system.
  • All Access Control Systems must conform to all requirements with the appropriate and approved code package, (U-1008.1.3.4, U-1008.1.8.6, U-1008.1.8.7, U-403.12 & U-403.12.1).
  • Access control devices shall be tested under normal power as directed by the Fire Systems Inspector.
  • All access control / electric door locking and release systems shall be tested under actual operational conditions.
  • All elevator override and recall functions shall be tested under actual operational conditions.

301 King St., Suite 4200
Alexandria, VA 22314
703.746.4200
Fax: 703.838.3880

Office Hours:
Monday - Friday
8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Virginia Paving Hotline
703.906.9918