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City of Alexandria, VA City of Alexandria, VA
Civil War Sesquicentennial
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Page updated Feb 16, 2015 11:53 AM

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Battery H, 1st Independent PA Regiment Hospital

Battery H Birdseye View

Battery H Hospital, located on a section of Birdseye View of Alexandria, Va. . (Pendleton Street is located at the far right.)

Battery H, Quartermaster map 

This section of the Quartermaster map shows a hospital and hospital tents.

  Battery H Today 

Battery H today. (Image from Google Maps.) 

Civil War Hospitals Map: Battery H

907 Pendleton Street



The Battery H hospital building was made of wood siding, with hospital tents behind it. Other buildings made up the compound, spreading from Pendleton to Wythe, and between N. Patrick and N. Alfred Streets. Battery H served in Alexandria from March 1863 until January 1865. Seven men of Battery H died of disease during the war.

Independent Battery H, Light Artillery, was organized in the area of Pittsburgh, PA, on August 5, 1861. The Battery was attached to the Defenses of Washington and served at Fort Barry until December, 1862. After serving in Maryland and the District of Columbia, the men were sent to Alexandria, where they served provost duty under General Slough for the duration of the war. Independent batteries did not have regimental affiliations. They mustered into the U.S. Volunteer Service and were assigned to larger units. 

  • Source: The source for the Civil War Archive website is Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, The Dyer Publishing Company, Cedar Rapids, 1909. This work was compiled by a Civil War veteran from the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies and additional sources.


Historic Image 


Quartermaster Map

The Quartermaster map shows a hospital on Pendleton Street, with hospital tents behind it. The map also shows Sutlers private quarters and a sink (privy).

Location and the Site Today

Battery H Hospital was located at approximately 907 Pendleton Street, between Alfred and Patrick Streets. Mid-twentieth century houses, built for World War II workers, now occupy the site.


Office of Historic Alexandria 

Administration Offices

Lloyd House
220 North Washington Street
Alexandria, VA 22314
Fax: 703.838.6451

Office Hours
Monday - Friday
8 a.m. to 5 p.m.