Alexandria Archaeology Bibliography

This is a comprehensive listing of written material on archaeology in Alexandria, Virginia. It also includes some historical and architectural studies.

Page updated on May 15, 2019 at 1:37 PM

If you know of additional titles, please  contact us so that they may be added to the bibliography. In an attempt to bring the so-called “gray literature” to light, many of the archaeological reports listed below are available for download as PDFs.


Author Index


Notes for Researchers:

  • We remind researchers of their browser’s search function to find specific reports. We suggest searching for site/project names like, for example, “Bruin Slave Jail” and “Christ Church,” historic identifiers such as “American Indian” and “Civil War,” and street names.
  • Titles without attached PDFs may be read, by appointment, at the Museum. Alexandria Archaeology Publications, a series of booklets and manuscripts published by the Museum, and photocopies of archaeological reports may be ordered for a fee by  contacting the Museum.
  • Researchers should take into consideration that the breadth of this bibliography led to the inclusion of a number of outdated entries that do not reflect contemporary scholarship. Also, for those reports involving prehistory, it should be noted that the date ranges for the three traditional American Indian cultural periods (Paleo-Indian, Archaic, and Woodland) vary in the reports. Archaeologists continue to develop a regional framework as new finds are made and thus further refine the date ranges. Alexandria Archaeology employs the following timeline: Paleo-Indian circa 11,000 - 7,500 BC, Archaic circa 7,500 - 1,000 BC, and Woodland circa 1,000 BC - 1600 AD.

Introduction to the Topical Listing

This is a topical listing of reports on archaeology in Alexandria, Virginia. Below each topic is a list of associated sites/projects. If a Virginia site registration number exists for a project, then it, too, is listed.

In an attempt to bring the so-called “gray literature” to light, all of the reports listed below are available for download as PDFs. Simply click on a report to go to its precise entry on the Alexandria Archaeology Bibliography.

For a comprehensive listing of written material on archaeology in Alexandria, view the full bibliography. It also includes some historical and architectural studies.

Titles without PDFs may be read, by appointment, at the Museum. Alexandria Archaeology Publications, a series of booklets and manuscripts published by the Museum, and photocopies of archaeological reports may be ordered for a fee by contacting the Museum.


African American


Alfred Street Baptist Church/”The Bottoms” Neighborhood
, 301 S. Alfred Street, 44AX161

Walker, Mark K., Elizabeth A. Crowell, Madeleine Pappas, Jesse Daugherty and Christopher Martin 


Bruin Slave Jail
, 1707 Duke Street, 44AX172

Kraus, Lisa, John Bedell and Charles LeeDecker 


Bush Hill, 
4840 Eisenhower Avenue, 44AX111 

Gardner, William M. and Gwen Hurst 

Gardner, William M., Gwen J. Hurst and John P. Mullen 


Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery
, 1001 S. Washington Street, 44AX179

Sipe, Boyd, with Francine W. Bromberg, Steven Shephard, Pamela J. Cressey, and Eric Larsen

  • 2014 - The Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial, City of Alexandria, Virginia. Archaeological Data Recovery at Site 44AX0179. Thunderbird Archaeology, a division of Wetland Studies, Gainesville, VA and Alexandria Archaeology, Office of Historic Alexandria. Appendices. (Contact Alexandria Archaeology Museum to view report.)


"The Fort" Neighborhood, Fort Ward Historical Park
, 4301 W. Braddock Road, 44AX90 and 44AX153

Alexandria Archaeology

  • 2012 - Stage 1 Archaeological Investigation at Fort Ward Historical Park, Alexandria, Virginia. Results of Identification Survey at the Old Graveyard, Jackson Cemetery, Short Homestead, and Maintenance Yard. Prepared by Alexandria Archaeology in conjunction with The Ottery Group, Olney, Maryland. Pages 1-3132-7576-9697-112Finds ListAbstract.

Bodor, Tom 

Fesler, Garrett and Francine Bromberg

Franz, Karl

Lowry, Sara 


Franklin and Armfield Slave Pen
, 1315-1317 Duke Street, 44AX75

Artemel, Janice G., Elizabeth A. Crowell and Jeff Parker 


Harriet Williams
, 112-114 S. St. Asaph Street, 44AX1

Iacobelli, Amanda


“The Hump” Neighborhood/James Bland Homes/Parker-Gray Historic District
, 44AX211 and 212:   

Sipe, Boyd 

Sipe, Boyd and Kimberly Snyder 


L’Ouverture Hospital/Shiloh Baptist Church
, 1323 Duke Street

Traum, Sarah, Joseph Balicki and Brian Corle 

Mark Center, slave or tenant house, 44AX162

Adams, Robert M.


1333 Powhatan Street

Dutton, David H and Dara A. Friedberg


Silver Leaf (Colored) Black Baptist Cemetery/African American Heritage Park, 
500 Holland Lane, 44AX136

Anderson, Adrian D. 


American Indian

Alexandria Business Center/Witter Street Recreation Complex, 44AX127 and 44AX128  

Parson, Kimberly and Caleb Christopher 

Petraglia, Michael D., Catharine B. Toulmin and Madeleine Pappas 


Alexandria Federal Courthouse
, 401 Courthouse Square, 44AX164

Pappas, Madeleine, Janice G. Artemel and Elizabeth A. Crowell 

Walker, Mark K., Madeleine Pappas, John Bedell, Janice Artemel and Heidy Fogel 

Bloxham Cemetery/Woodrow Wilson Bridge Project/Alexandria Business Center/Witter Street Recreation Complex, 44AX127 and 44AX128  

Parson, Kimberly and Caleb Christopher 

Petraglia, Michael D., Catharine B. Toulmin and Madeleine Pappas 


Bryan Property/King’s Cloister,
2826 King Street

Ziegler, Danica L. and Thomas W. Bodor 


Mark Center/Winkler Botanical Preserve
, 1600 Beauregard Street, 44AX162 and 163

Adams, Robert M.

Franz, Karl


Mark Center/Winkler Tract
, 1801-1901 Beauregard Street, 44AX124

Pfanstiehl, Cynthia, Elizabeth A. Crowell, Eugene Goodman, Donald Hull, Edith Baird and Ray Wood 


Mark Center VI
, 4900 Seminary Road, 44AX205

Ferland, Sara C., Mike Klein and Emily A. Lindtveit 


Mount Ida,
2404 Russell Road, 44AX168

Koski-Karrell, Daniel 


Stonegate
, 4600 West Braddock Road, 44AX31, 44AX162, 44AX163, 44AX176, 44AX177

Adams, Robert M. 

Gardner, William M., Kimberly A. Snyder, and Tammy Bryant 


Brewery

Robert Portner Brewing Company, 600 block North St. Asaph Street, 44AX196

Parsons Engineering Science 

Dennée, Timothy J. 


Shuter’s Hill Brewery
, 2016 Duke Street, 44AX35

Walker, Mark K. and Timothy J. Dennée 


Cemetery

Bloxham Cemetery, Witter Street, 44AX127 and 128 (1989 preliminary investigation)

Parson, Kimberly and Caleb Christopher 

Petraglia, Michael D., Catharine B. Toulmin and Madeleine Pappas 

Pfanstiehl, Cynthia, Holly Heston and Elizabeth A. Crowell 

Pfanstiehl, Cynthia, Edward Otter and Marilyn Harper 

Christ Church, 44AX88

Clem, Michael 

Gardner, William M. and Michael Clem 

LeeDecker, Charles 

John Milner Associates 

Ward, Jeanne A. and John P. McCarthy 


Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery
, 1001 S. Washington Street, 44AX179

Koziarski, Ralph, Peter Regan and Scott Seibel

Sipe, Boyd, with Francine W. Bromberg, Steven Shephard, Pamela J. Cressey, and Eric Larsen

  • 2014 - The Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial, City of Alexandria, Virginia. Archaeological Data Recovery at Site 44AX0179. Thunderbird Archaeology, a division of Wetland Studies, Gainesville, VA and Alexandria Archaeology, Office of Historic Alexandria. Appendices. (Contact Alexandria Archaeology Museum to view report.)


"The Fort" Neighborhood, Fort Ward Historical Park
, 4301 W. Braddock Road, 44AX90 and 44AX153

Alexandria Archaeology

  • 2012 - Stage 1 Archaeological Investigation at Fort Ward Historical Park, Alexandria, Virginia. Results of Identification Survey at the Old Graveyard, Jackson Cemetery, Short Homestead, and Maintenance Yard. Prepared by Alexandria Archaeology in conjunction with The Ottery Group, Olney, Maryland. Pages 1-3132-7576-9697-112Finds ListAbstract.

Bodor, Tom 

Fesler, Garrett and Francine Bromberg

Franz, Karl

Lowry, Sara 

Preston Cemetery, Potomac Yard

Adams, Robert M. 

Silver Leaf (Colored) Black Baptist Cemetery, African American Heritage Park, Holland Lane 44AX136

Anderson, Adrian D. 

West Family Cemetery, 44AX183 

Williams, Martha R.


Church/Seminary

Alfred Street Baptist Church, 313 South Alfred Street, 44AX161

Walker, Mark K., Elizabeth A. Crowell, Madeleine Pappas, Jesse Daugherty and Christopher Martin 

First Baptist Church, 2932 King Street

Gardner, William M. and Jennifer Schmidt 

333 North Royal Street 

Goode, Charles E. and Sarah Traum

Virginia Theological Seminary, Aspinwall Hall, 3737 Seminary Road

Hill, Phill 

  • 2009 - A Suspended Phase I Archaeological Survey of the Location of a Proposed Telecommunications Facility (WAC357A) Located at the Virginia Theological Seminary, 3737 Seminary Road, Alexandria, Virginia. Archaeological Testing and Consulting Inc., Silver Spring, Maryland.

Levinthal, Aaron 

  • 2009 - Architectural Survey of Proposed WAC357A Located at Aspinwall Hall within the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary (100-0123), 3737 Seminary Road, Alexandria, Virginia. Advantage Environmental Consultants, LLC, Jessup, Maryland.

Papson, Ryun 

  • 2009 - A Phase I Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Virginia Theological Seminary Study Area Located at 3737 Seminary Road in Alexandria, Virginia (WAC357A). Archaeological Testing and Consulting Inc., Silver Spring, Maryland.


Civil War


Commercial/Industrial


Hospital 


Mill 

  • Bloxham Cemetery/Woodrow Wilson Bridge Project/Alexandria Business Center/Witter Street Recreation Complex, 44AX127 and 128 (1989 preliminary investigation):  Pfanstiehl and Otter 1989   
  • Cameron Mills, Cameron Farm, 44AX112 and 182:  Williams 2005
  • Phoenix Mill, Wheeler Road: Williams 2017

Miscellaneous


Old Town 


Rural Life 


Tavern

  • Alexandria Federal Courthouse, 44AX164: Pappas 1991 and Walker 1993 
  • Gadsby’s Tavern, 44AX2:  Foss 1974 
  • Shuter’s Hill Brewery/Klein’s Brewery/Englehardt’s Brewery/Carlyle Project Area II-B, 44AX35:   Walker 1996    

Transportation 

  • Alexandria Union Station:  Cox 1995 
  • Bloxham Cemetery/Woodrow Wilson Bridge Project/Alexandria Business Center/Witter Street Recreation Complex, 44AX127 and 128 (1989 preliminary investigation):  Pfanstiehl and Otter 1989   
  • Bloxham Cemetery/Woodrow Wilson Bridge Project/Alexandria Business Center Areas A and X/Witter Street Recreation Complex, 44AX127 and 128 (1989 Phase II investigation): Pfanstiehl and Heston 1989 
  • Bontz Site/West End Village, United States Military Railroad Complex, 44AX103 and 105 (1989 Phase II investigation):  Cromwell 1989  
  • Bontz Site/West End Village, Spring Garden Farms/United States Military Railroad Complex, 44AX103 and 105 (1989 Phase III investigation):  Cromwell and Hills 1989  
  • Bush Hill, 44AX111:   Gardner 1999 and  Gardner 2002  
  • Eisenhower Avenue Earthwork Site/Van Dorn Street Metro Station, 44AX54:  Louis Berger 1984 
  • Fannon Petroleum Fuel Company (2007 investigation):  Bryant 2007 
  • Historic Photographic Documentation of the Southern R&R [sic] Roundhouse:  Brown 1994 
  • Keith’s Wharf/Battery Cove/Ford’s Landing/”Old Ford Plant,” 44AX119:  Artemel 1988 and  Cheek 1986 and   Engineering-Science 1993 
  • Potomac Yard:  Walker 1989 
  • Potomac Yard/Potomac Yard Center:  Adams 1996   
  • Potomac Yard/Townes at Slater’s Village:  Cheek 1996 
  • Roberdeau’s Wharf/Harborside, 44AX114:  Knepper 1989  
  • Spring Garden/Old Town Village (1999 investigation):  Gardner 1999 
  • Spring Garden/Southern Plaza/Old Town Village (1988 investigation): Seifert 1988 
  • United States Patent and Trademark Office/Carlyle Project Block F, 44AX189:  Williams 2002 
  • Van Dorn Street Metro Station, 44AX178:  Gardner 1996 

Urban Life


Waterfront 

Other Online Resources:


West End 


West End Village, Historic 


World War II 

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