Native Americans at the Site
African-American Soldiers in the Civil War
- Convalescents of L’Ouverture Hospital and Its Branches and Soldiers of the U.S. Army. Letter to Major Edwin Bentley. 27 Dec. 1864. Alexandria Archaeology Museum., Alexandria, Virginia.
- Miller, Edward A. Jr. “Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery, Part I.” Historic Alexandria Quarterly Fall 1998.
- Miller, Edward A. Jr. “Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery, Part II.” Historic Alexandria Quarterly Winter 1998.
- Wills, Eric. "The Forgotten: The Contraband of America and the Road to Freedom" Preservation (National Trust for Historic Preservation), May/June 2011.
Harriet Jacobs, Selected Writings and Correspondence. Life Among the Contrabands. The Liberator, Boston, MA, 5 September 5, 1862. Yale University.
- “1866 Record of Deaths and Burials (The Gladwin Record).” The Library of Virginia, Archives and Records. 1863-1868., Alexandria, Virginia.
- Cressey, Pamela. “Historic Design and Character of Alexandria Contrabands and Freedmen’s Cemetery.” 5 Sep. 2007. updated 4 January 2008. Alexandria Archaeology Museum., Alexandria, Virginia.
- Cressey, Pamela. “Historic References to the Name of the Cemetery.” 7 Nov. 2007. updated 4 January 2008. Alexandria Archaeology Museum., Alexandria, Virginia.
Post-Civil War Destruction and Desecration
- “Alexandria Affairs: Uncanny Sight in a Graveyard.” Washington Post. 29 Mar. 1892., Washington.
- Miller, T. Michael. “A Time for Remembrance—The Contraband Cemetery.” Date unknown. Office of Historic Alexandria., Alexandria, Virginia.
- Miller, T. Michael. “Historical News Flash: Freedmen and Contraband Burial Ground Identified in Alexandria, Virginia.” 11 Jan. 1991. Alexandria Library, Alexandria, Virginia.
- “Proposed New Motel at Jones Point Bridge Site.” Washington Post. 18 Oct. 1953., Washington.
Oral Histories Interviews with Contraband and Freedmen Cemetery descendants.
News Coverage of the rededication ceremony on May 12, 2007
- Alexandria Gazette, May 17, 2007
- Alexandria Times, May 17, 2007
- Richmond Times Dispatch, May 14, 2007
- Washington Post May 13, 2007
- Preservation Online May 9, 2007
- WJLA-TV (Channel 7), May 12, 2007
- WUSA-TV (Channel 9), May 15, 2007
News Coverage of the Discovery of the Clovis Point
- Washington Examiner, August 8, 2007
- American Archaeology, Fall 2007
- Washington Times, August 11, 2007
- Washington Examiner, August 14, 2007
- Washington Post, August 16, 2007
- Alexandria Gazette, August 16, 2007
- Alexandria Times, August 16, 2007
News Coverage of the 2014 Memorial Dedication
Press Release on the Sculpture competition for the Memorial
Public Invited to Meet the Artists and View Proposals for the Freedmen’s Cemetery Sculpture on July 7 at The Lyceum
Archaeology Museum's Contraband and Freedmen Cemetery Brochure
Print this brochure, which includes a map of the archaeological site.
Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery on Facebook
This Facebook fan page, prepared by a participant in the 2007 excavation, includes slideshows of the cemetery history and photos of the archaeological fieldwork.
Friends of Freedmen’s Cemetery
This informative site includes an extensive collection of transcriptions of primary resources related to Alexandria’s African American history and genealogy, including the Gladwin Record of burials in Freedmen’s Cemetery.
Return to Main Freedmen's Cemetery Page