Archaeology on the Waterfront
As redevelopment takes place along Alexandria's waterfront, archaeologists are exploring the properties undergoing development. Excavations took place in 2015-2016 at the Hotel Indigo Site at 220 S. Union Street and in 2017-2018 at Robinson Terminal South, at 2 Duke Street.
At the Hotel Indigo Site, Archaeologists uncovered the remains of the hull of a fifty-foot vessel, as well as John Carlyle's 1755 public warehouse. Excavation took place in 2015-2016, and remains of this ship and warehouse are now undergoing conservation.
At Robinson Terminal South archaeologists have located the remains of three 18th century ships, as well as foundations of Hooe's 18th century warehouse and store and the 19th century Pioneer Mill.
Archaeological excavation on these two blocks was conducted by archaeologists from Thunderbird Archaeology, a division of Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc., working in coordination with the Alexandria city archaeologists. As required by the Alexandria Archaeological Protection Code, Thunderbird’s work is funded by the developers; Carr City Centers for the Hotel Indigo Site and EYA, LLC for Robinson Terminal South. Conservation is funded by the City of Alexandria, grants, and generous contributions to the Save our Ships Conservation Fund.
Passed by City Council in 1989, the Archaeological Protection Code requires developers to hire archaeological consultants to conduct investigations prior to construction on land with the potential to contain buried sites of historical significance. This will provide an opportunity for archaeologists to explore the 18th and 19th–century history of the City as development along the waterfront continues.
What's Happening Now
Researchers from the Conservation Research Laboratory at Texas A&M are working with Alexandria Archaeology staff and an amazing team of volunteers to document the three ships that were found at the Robinson Terminal Site in 2017-2018. All three ships are being laser scanned and reconstructed using computer models and 3D printing. This phase of the project, which began in September 2019, will continue through 2021.
The Conservation Research Laboratory also continues
conservation of the first ship, discovered at the Hotel Indigo Site in 2015, and the wooden timbers from John Carlyle's 1755 public warehouse are being conserved at the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory. This is a multi-year project.
- Robinson Terminal South, 2 Duke Street (2017-2018)
- Hotel Indigo Site, 220 N. Union Street (2015-2016)
- Lee Street Site, 200 block N. Lee Street (1997)
- Alexandria Canal, Trans-Potomac Canal Plaza, 600 block N. Fairfax Street (1989)
- Roberdeau’s Wharf, Harborside, 400 block S. Union Street (1989)
- Carlyle-Dalton Wharf, Residences at the Torpedo Factory, 100 block N. Lee Street (1982)
- Keith’s Wharf, Ford's Landing, 700 block S. Union Street (1988)
- Four 18th-Century Ships
- Robert Townsend Hooe Warehouse and Store (field update, April 2017)
- Pioneer Mills (field update, November 2017)
- Extending the Shoreline: The Bulkhead Wharf
- John Carlyle’s Public Warehouse (field update, November 2015)
- Resources for the Study of the Alexandria Waterfront. Resources for the study of events, people, and buildings important to the history and archaeology of the waterfront.
- Historic Buildings and Places on the Waterfront. History and images of historic buildings along the waterfront, and maps showing the location of these historic resources.
- First-Person Accounts of the Historic Waterfront. Descriptions of Alexandria by travelers from the early 17th century to the early 20th century.
- Pondering Shorelines, part 1;
Pondering Shorelines, part 2. Adapted from “‘On Examining the Records of the Town we find an Omission’ Using Historical GIS (hGIS) in Conjunction with Archaeological Excavation to Document Property Histories and Understand Changing Waterlines in Alexandria, Virginia.” Paper presented at the Society for
Historical Archaeology Conference, January 2020 by Benjamin Skolnik.
Save Our Ships Fund
Alexandria’s rich maritime heritage needs your help! In addition to four historic ships, archaeologists unearthed the remains of a bustling waterfront neighborhood. We need your help to preserve, conserve, and interpret these amazing artifacts for future generations.
- Please make a generous donation to the Save Our Ships Fund.
- See the latest on the
The Alexandria Ship Project, from the Conservation Research Laboratory at Texas A&M.
Alexandria Waterfront History Plan
Prior to the current waterfront redevelopment, the Alexandria Archaeological
Commission prepared the Alexandria Waterfront History Plan in 2010. A subcommittee of the Commission, the Archaeological Commission Ship Committee,
is now tasked with coming up with recommendations about what will happen with the ship(s) that were found during archaeological excavations along the waterfront. Meetings are announced on the City
Alexandria Heritage Trail Signs
- Industrialization on the Strand (211 Strand, Watermark Condominiums)
- Waterfront Archaeology (211 Strand, Watermark Condominiums)