|McVeigh Hospital, located on a section of Magnus' Birdseye View of Alexandria, Va. (Library of Congress).|
Quartermaster map showing McVeigh Hospital. Note the Dead House and Pump to the right of the hospital building, and the octagonal sink (privy) next to the stables.
|The site of McVeigh Hospital was a parking lot for many years, before recent development.|
History of McVeigh Hospital
Northeast corner of Cameron and N. St. Asaph Streets
The McVeigh Hospital opened on November 20, 1862 in the home of a wealthy Alexandria businessman. It was part of the the 3rd Division General Hospital, and operated until February 25, 1865. William N. McVeigh and his family left the city for Richmond, and he was tried in absentia in 1863 for secessionist activities. There is information on two African Americans who worked at McVeigh Hospital. Hezekia Ages, a former slave, worked at “policing” (ie., cleaning) the McVeigh Hospital in early 1863, and later worked for the Freedmen’s Bureau at the Contrabands Cemetery. Mary Ann Thompson, a nurse, worked at McVeigh Branch Hospital in 1864, and later at Slough Barracks and L’Ouverture Hospital (Dennee 2008).
McVeigh Hospital is mentioned in the accounts of several Union Soldiers, including Jerome B. Satterlee, of Albany, NY. Satterlee enlisted in the 44th NY Volunteer Infantry, known as the “Ellsworth Avengers,” in 1861. He was captured at Gaines’ Mill in June 1862, and held for three months at Libby Prison. He lost nearly 50 pounds from illness while imprisoned and was hospitalized several times. In letters home, he mentions that while at McVeigh Hospital, he recovered enough to serve there as a night watchman and male nurse. (Satterlee 1961-65).
After the war, Mr. McVeigh returned to Alexandria and was involved in two court cases that were brought before the Supreme Court. The first, The United States vs. McVeigh, in 1871, related to the taking of his home under the Civil War Confiscation Acts (Syrett 2005). The second, in 1878, Bank v. McVeigh, related to promissory notes where the endorser left his home to live within the confederacy. (See Justia.com.)
- Dennee, Timothy. Miscellaneous Personal Data on Alexandria African Americans, 1862-1868, Friends of Freedmen’s Cemetery, 2008.
- Satterlee, Jerome B. Correspondence, 1861-65, Illinois History and Lincoln Collections.
- Syrett, John. The Civil War Confiscation Acts: Failing to Reconstruct the South. Fordham University Press, 2005.)
- Title: Birdseye View of Alexandria, Va.
- Creator: Charles Magnus, publisher
- Image Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
- Image Date: 1863
- Medium: Colored Lithograph
- Library of Congress Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-348
- Library of Congress Call Number: PGS - Magnus--Birds eye view
- Library of Congress Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication
The quartermaster map shows the buildings including the hospital, dead house and privy.
Location and the Site Today
McVeigh Hospital was located on the Northeast corner of Cameron and North Saint Asaph Streets, now a parking lot.
- See the location today on Google Maps.
- Civil War Hospitals Map (pdf)
- More Union Hospitals
- Alexandria Civil War Hospitals, interactive StoryMap
- Alexandria Civil War Hospitals Walking Tour Brochure