History of the Wolfe Street General Hospital
510 Wolfe Street
The Wolfe Street General Hospital occupied the large private residence of Francis L. Smith. Smith is known for acting as Robert E. Lee’s attorney in 1870, in his unsuccessful attempt to regain possession of Arlington House.
Smith’s house was first used as a residence or office by Gen. John Slough, Alexandria’s military governor, and then as a hospital with 100 beds.
The house is once again a private residence.
- More Information: From opulent home to military hospital and back again. Out of the Attic, May 8, 2014.
First Person Accounts
From a letter by aid worker Julia Wilbur, Nov. 12, 1862. Rochester Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society Papers, 1851-1868, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan.
I can’t look up without looking into it [Wolfe Street Hospital]. The two large confiscated houses --- on another corner of a large 2 story old brick house which they call the Quaker Church, this is full too, & these 3 buildings constitute one hospital. Suffering & misery meet me at any time.
- Title: Tuscan Villa
- Image Source: U.S. National Archives
- Photographer: Matthew Brady
- Image Date: ca. 1860-1865
- Medium: photograph
- U.S. National Archives Identifier: 529326
- Local Identifier: 111-B-5222. Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)
- National Archives Rights Advisory: Unrestricted.
- Title: Wolfe Street General Hospital, Capacity 100.
- Image Source: The Photographic History of the Civil War in Ten Volumes. Francis Trevelyan Miller, Editor in Chief, Volume Seven, Prisons and Hospitals. New York, The Review of Reviews Co., 1911, p. 235.
- Image Date: 1861-1865.
- Medium: Photograph
- Rights Advisory: Out of Copyright.
- Title: Birdseye View of Alexandria, Va.
- Creator: Charles Magnus, publisher
- Image Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
- Image Date: 1863
- Medium: Colored Lithograph
- Library of Congress Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-348
- Library of Congress Call Number: PGS - Magnus--Birds eye view
- Library of Congress Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication
No quartermaster map available.
Location and the Site Today
510 Wolfe Street is once again a private residence.
- See the location today on Google Maps
- Civil War Hospitals Map (pdf)
- More Union Hospitals
- Alexandria Civil War Hospitals, interactive StoryMap
- Alexandria Civil War Hospitals Walking Tour Brochure