Statistics & Demographics

Statistical and demographic information related to the City of Alexandria.

Page updated on Jul 7, 2021 at 3:08 PM

Population is the most frequently requested demographic statistic.

In 2020, Alexandria’s estimated population is 159,200. The City's estimated population has grown by 1% annually since 2010, on average. Population estimates are based on the number of housing units, average household size, and vacancy rate. 

What are demographic statistics?

Demographic statistics summarize characteristics of the population in a given place. For individuals, these data represent residents’ characteristics such as age, sex, race, and ethnicity. At the household-level, demographic data include household composition and homeownership characteristics. Demographic data also contain information on student populations and economic activity. Local decision-makers use information on these topics to better serve their residents equitably

Regional comparisonDemographics Subnational Geographies 10 10 18

Demographic data are difficult to interpret without a point of comparison. Throughout this website, we provide four points of comparison for every metric:

  1. The United States
  2. Washington, DC, one of our neighbors to the north
  3. Arlington County, another neighbor to the north
  4. Fairfax County, our neighbor to the south and west

The map to the right shows how the sub-national geographies relate to one another. 

Census 2020

The 2020 U.S. Census is an opportunity for all Alexandria residents to be counted. Learn how the City is working with the U.S. Census Bureau to get a complete count of the population with the establishment of the Alexandria Complete Count Committee, which will focus on engaging Alexandria communities that have historically been undercounted.

Individual Residents

This page contains information on residents’ age, race, ethnicity, national origin, disability status, and educational attainment.


This page contains information on household composition, income and tenure.


This page contains information on jobs located in Alexandria and resident's employment characteristics.

Alexandria City Public Schools - Student Generation

ACPS and City staff regularly update a joint analysis of the number of students “generated” by different housing types in the city. Among other insights, the analysis sheds light on how many students can be expected to be living in new development projects in the city.

Archived Reports

This page provides an inventory of demographic reports and studies produced by the Department of Planning & Zoning.


Contact Maggie Curran, Urban Planner, 703.746.3832, Department of Planning and Zoning.